If it finds the server and its certificate are legitimate entities, it goes ahead and establishes a connection. Submitted by Sarath Pillai on Wed, 04/11/2018 - 08:33 The number of websites on the internet that enforces SSL, ie: HTTPS version of their websites are growing day by day, which a good thing as far as security is concerned. When two hosts communicate with each other over the unsecured network and they want to transfer sensitive data between them, especially for bank transactions or e-commerce transactions, they must use an encrypted and secure connection. TLS and SSL protocols use a client/server model and are based on certificate authentication, which requires a public key infrastructure. There are digital signatures.Digital signature algorithms, when first invented and published (in the late 1970s), where unfortunately described as "encryption with the private key", which is a flawed analogy, that does not actually work, and entails a heavy dose of confusion. Several versions of the protocols find widespread use in applications such as web browsing, email, instant messaging, and voice over IP (VoIP). What is TLS or Transport Layer Security Protocol? Once a user tries to open an HTTPS enabled website in the browser, following conversation happens. A TLS termination proxy (or SSL termination proxy, or SSL offloading) is a proxy server that is used by an institution to handle incoming TLS connections, decrypting the TLS and passing on the unencrypted request to the institution's other servers (it is assumed that the institution's own network is secure so the user's session data does not need to be encrypted on that part of the link). Be cyber secure. * Server (where the website is hosted) sends the copy of the SSL Certificate to the browser. SSL/TLS client authentication, as the name implies, is intended for the client rather than a server. Transport Layer Security (TLS), and its now-deprecated predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols designed to provide communications security over a computer network. How Does SSL/TLS Chain Certificates and Its Validation work? Server Manager information There are no configuration steps necessary to implement TLS, SSL or Schannel. In server certificates, the client (browser) verifies the identity of the server. The entire process happens during SSL/TLS handshake. First step: forget all about encryption.There is no encryption in certificates.