It was a union of 14 Soviet Socialist Republics and one Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russia). The Soviet Union formed as the “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.” The Cuban Constitution of 1976, which defined Cuba as a socialist republic, went even further when it was replaced by the Constitution of 1992, which was “guided by the ideas of Jose Marti and the political and socialist ideas of … Its causes were not so much economic or social as political and cultural. It arose from the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party that broke off from the right-wing Menshevik group. d. intervene in Korea. Despite deep-seated mistrust and hostility between the Soviet Union and the Western democracies, Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 created an instant alliance between the Soviets and the two greatest powers in what the Soviet leaders had long called the "imperialist camp": Britain and the United States. Which organization was formed to protect Western European democracies in the Cold War? c. allow West Germany to rearm and join its organization. Gorbachev resigned on December 25, 1991, and the Soviet Union ceased to exist six days later on December 31. Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the major political party of Russia and the Soviet Union from the Russian Revolution of October 1917 to 1991. 3. How did America respond to the threat of communism at home and overseas? The Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact in response to NATO's decision to a. send troops to fight Communist uprisings in Greece and Turkey. The Soviet Union officially fell on December, 26 1991 when the USSR was dissolved and the communist-era policies of the region ceased. Because of this, the political division in Europe was formally established. The government of the Soviet Union, formed in 1922 with the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian, Ukrainian, and Byelorussian republics, was based on the one-party rule of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks), who increasingly developed a totalitarian regime, especially during the reign of … An American U2 spy plane was shot down in 1960: Soviet union. Which ideologies caused conflict between he United States and the Soviet Union? But the alliance partners did not share common political aims, and did not always agree on how the war should be fought. Was formed by the Western allies and their partners in 1949 to face the growing Soviet threat: The north Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) The Prague spring of 1968 was crushed by the Soviet union and 4 Warsaw Pact nations: Czechoslovakia. Which U.S. government agency was formed as a response to the news that the Soviet Union had detonated a nuclear device? Communism; Pacifism. It was communist government formed after the 1917 Russian revolution. NATO. b. send supplies to West Berlin. it was the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991 and was the largest country in the world. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union. EU Pioneers. the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviet Union (short for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or USSR) was a single-party Marxist–Leninist state. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, in practice its … Soviet Union was formed as an aggressive project of Russian communists to export the revolution to all countries they can possibly reach - the aim was a world domination. It was the first country to declare itself socialist and build towards a communist society. It was a union of 14 Soviet Socialist Republics and one Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russia). It existed for 69 years, from 1922 until 1991. This was followed by the occupation of the countries, of course. The USSR's weakened military and … It Started Out Small It was a long, arduous path that Lenin and the Bolsheviks followed to assume power over Russia in November, 1917. Soviet Union - Soviet Union - The Russian Revolution: Sometime in the middle of the 19th century, Russia entered a phase of internal crisis that in 1917 would culminate in revolution. The main objective of the Warsaw Pact is to defend its member nations from enemy attacks. They believed that the world was destined to ruled by the workers and peasants. Boris Yeltsin, a key leader of the opposition, later became the first president of the new Russian Federation. Ultimately the plan was a failure, and the USSR was dissolved.